Attacking SMM Memory via Intel CPU Cache PoisoningMarch 21, 2009 – 10:32 AM
As promised, the paper and the proof of concept code has just been posted on the ITL website here.
A quote from the paper:
In this paper we have described practical exploitation of the CPU cache poisoning in order to read or write into (otherwise protected) SMRAM memory. We have implemented two working exploits: one for dumping the content of SMRAM and the other one for arbitrary code execution in SMRAM. This is the third attack on SMM memory our team has found within the last 10 months, affecting Intel-based systems. It seems that current state of firmware security, even in case of such reputable vendors as Intel, is quite unsatisfying.
The potential consequence of attacks on SMM might include SMM rootkits , hypervisor compromises , or OS kernel protection bypassing .
Don’t worry, the shellcode we use in the exploit is totally harmless (have really no idea how some people concluded we were going to release an SMM rootkit today?) — it only increases an internal counter on every SMI and jumps back to the original handler. If you want something more fancy, AKA SMM rootkits, you might want to re-read Sherri’s and Shawn’s last year’s Black Hat paper and try writing something they describe there.
The attack presented in the paper has been fixed on some systems according to Intel. We have however found out that even the relatively new boards, like e.g. Intel DQ35 are still vulnerable (the very recent Intel DQ45 doesn’t seem to be vulnerable though). The exploit attached is for DQ35 board — the offsets would have to be changed to work on other boards (please do not ask how to do this).